Attention Deficit Hypersensitivity Disorder (ADHD) is a psychological disorder often exhibited in children. The disorder usually manifests during childhood and will often continue into adulthood. Children and teenagers who suffer from ADHD may suffer with poor impulse control and can often described as ‘hyperactive’.
This disorder is most commonly first noted during a child’s first years at school, when they begin to display difficulties in paying attention.
Symptoms in a child suffering from this condition can be split into three distinct catergories:
• Easily distracted
• Won’t listen or follow instructions
• Difficulty carrying out everyday tasks
• Difficulty sitting still
• Excessive daydreaming
• Struggles to sit still; always bouncing, fidgeting, or squirming.
Always tries to run or climb on different objects
Habitual of interrupting others
Blurts out stuff in odd situations
Doesn’t listen to others’ perspective
There are several factors which might lead to the development of this disorder. These factors include:
• Genetic factors: ADHD can be transferred through genes; therefore, it may be inherited.
• Chemical factors: Certain chemicals or neurotransmitters of the brain (such as dopamine) may lose their desired concentration and increase or decrease in quantity, causing a chemical imbalance which may lead to this condition
• Neurological changes: Certain areas of the brain, especially those which control concentration and attention might become less active and this can lead to the development of ADHD.
• Antenatal nutrition : Nutritional deficiency in pregnant women, both due to malnutrition or less consumption of nutritious food containing essential elements such as vitamins and calcium, may lead to poor development of the baby’s brain and cause ADHD.
• Neurological function: Damage to the area of the brain called the frontal lobe may lead to problems associated with emotional impulses and their control and could cause ADHD.
• Others : Excessive consumption of alcohol, smoking or inflammation due to repeated infections during pregnancy may affect the development of the baby’s brain, possibly causing ADHD.